Kaufman, George S.


Kaufman, George S.
(1889-1961)
   George Simon Kaufman was born in Pittsburgh and worked for newspapers in Washington, D.C., and New York before teaming with playwright Marc Connelly. Their first play, Dulcy (1921), was a hit and made a star of Lynn Fontanne. Kaufman and Connelly collaborated on seven additional plays, including To the Ladies (1922), Merton of the Movies (1922), and the expressionist Beggar on Horseback (1924). Throughout his career, Kaufman worked with writing partners. His only solo effort, The Butter and Egg Man (1925), while successful, is among his slighter works. After parting company with Connelly, Kaufman collaborated with Edna Ferber on Minick (1924) and several major hits including The Royal Family (1927), Dinner at Eight* (1932), and Stage Door* (1936). Kaufman also directed plays, notably the original production of Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's* The Front Page (1928), and was appreciated for his varied talents as writer, director, and play doctor, as well as for his barbed wit as a member of the fabled Algonquin Hotel Round Table.
   In the 1920s, Kaufman cowrote two musicals for the vaudeville team the Marx Brothers: The Cocoanuts (1925; with music and lyrics by Irving Berlin) and Animal Crackers (1928; with Morrie Ryskind* and songs by Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby). With Ryskind, Kaufman wrote librettos for three musicals in collaboration with George and Ira Gershwin: Strike Up the Band (1930), Let 'Em Eat Cake (1933), and the first musical to win a Pulitzer Prize, Of Thee I Sing (1931). With Ring Lardner, Kaufman cowrote June Moon (1929), but his most enduring partnership, with playwright and director Moss Hart,* began in 1930 with the hit comedy Once in a Lifetime.* Kaufman and Hart's You Can't Take It With You* (1936) won a Pulitzer Prize and their other works include Merrily We Roll Along* (1934), I'd Rather Be Right (1937), The Man Who Came to Dinner* (1939), and George Washington Slept Here* (1940).

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • Kaufman, George S. — ▪ American playwright and journalist born Nov. 16, 1889, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died June 2, 1961, New York, N.Y.       American playwright and journalist, who became the stage director of most of his plays and musical comedies after the mid 1920s …   Universalium

  • Kaufman, George S. — (1889 1961)    American play wright. Born in Pittsburg, he collaborated with Moss Hart and Edna Ferber …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • KAUFMAN, GEORGE SIMON — (1889–1961), U.S. playwright and stage director. Born in Pittsburgh, Kaufman began his career as a journalist, but in 1918 turned to writing for the stage. His name is linked with over 30 hits, almost all his plays having been written in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kaufman, George Simon — (1889–1961)    US playwright. His superb knowledge of stagecraft and acute sense of comedy dialogue made Pittsburg born Kaufman sought after as a collaborator by other distinguished American playwrights, notably Moss HART and Edna FERBER. He was… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Kaufman,George Simon — Kauf·man (kôfʹmən), George Simon. 1889 1961. American playwright noted for many collaborations, including Dinner at Eight (1932) with Edna Ferber and You Can t Take It with You (1936) with Moss Hart. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kaufman, George S(imon) — born Nov. 16, 1889, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S died June 2, 1961, New York, N.Y. U.S. playwright and director. He was drama critic for The New York Times (1917–30). Known for his caustic wit and talent for brilliant satire, he wrote many plays in… …   Universalium

  • Kaufman, George S(imon) — (16 nov. 1889, Pittsburgh, Pa., EE.UU.–2 jun. 1961, Nueva York, N.Y.). Dramaturgo y director teatral estadounidense. Fue crítico de teatro de The New York Times (1917–30). Escribió numerosas obras en colaboración con otros escritores como Marc… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kaufman, George S(imon) —  (1889–1961) American dramatist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • FALK, KAUFMAN GEORGE — (1880–1953), U.S. physical chemist and biochemist. Born in New York, Falk taught physical chemistry at Columbia University. He wrote on ignition temperatures, refractive index, chemical equilibria, the electronic theory of valency, and on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • George Kaufman — George S. Kaufman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kaufman. George S. Kaufman vers 1915 George S. Kaufman (parfois crédité George Kaufman) est un …   Wikipédia en Français